The Yalda Night or Night of Chale is one of the oldest Iranian celebrations that have been reminiscent of Iran’s ancient history and history, like New Year’s Eve. The Yalda night actually starts at sunset on the last day of autumn, December 30, and ends with sunrise on the first day of winter, the first day of the year.
The Yalda Night or Night of Chole is one of the oldest Iranian celebrations that have been reminiscent of Iran’s ancient history and history, like New Year’s Eve. The Yalda night actually starts at sunset on the last day of autumn, December 30, and ends with sunrise on the first day of winter, the first day of the year.
This night is taller all the nights of the year and our ancestors celebrate it every year. The time of the Yalda night is set to date and may be 20, 21 or even December 22. For example, the date of the Yalda night of 97 and 96 is December 21, 2018 and 2017, but in the year 95 this night, it was December 20, 2016. The night of the night as the longest night of the year, for us, the Iranians are full of memories; since the child who wrote the night of Yalda, the family gathered, the Yalda nightclub, the decoration of the Yalda Night Pomegranate, and listening to the poetry and story behind the seat. If you want to read more about Yalda’s history in different cities of Iran and other countries in the world, check with us what is the Yalda Night in each area.
The etymology of the word Yalda and Choleh
What is yalda?
Yalda is a Syriac word meaning birth and birth. Syriac was a language used by Christians. This meaning is derived from the study of historical dictionaries and books. Abu Rhyhan Overseer, an all-weather scientist and calendar-maker, commemorates the Yalda Night, called Milad Akbar; this is called the Sunni Sunni. Book of works of the book is written by him. The book is written in Arabic and is currently being published in Persian. Abourihan has studied the calendar and calendars of different tribes in this book.
It is not exactly clear what time Yalda’s word was and how he entered the Persian language. It is from history that the early Christians who lived in Rome had a hard life, and some of them immigrated to Iran. Due to cultural proximity, this Syriac word comes to Persian.
What’s the night of the night?
The night is actually Yalda’s night. Because from the very next night this great winter rush begins to say that night.
Persians in ancient times also had a generic calendar type. This calendar was used more in agriculture and animal husbandry. They knew twice about the year in the name of Chell. The summer starts from July and the winter starts from January. The tracks were divided into two periods; each one was large and small. Forty days of the first day, they called the great chalet, and twenty days later they called the little chalet.
The great winter chalet, which begins right after the Yalda night, is the beginning of the winter and the intensity of the cold is higher. The big chalet lasts until the tenth of February. After that, the small dipper starts and continues until the first of March. The intensity of the cold is lower and the damage is less. Four days are the end of the Great Chalet, and four days of the beginning of the little chalet, four four, the extreme cold that occurs during this time.
Yalda Night History
The history of the Yalda Night dates back to the very far away. But his exact date is not clear. Some archaeologists know the history of Yalda’s night seven thousand years. They cite pre-date pottery. These dishes contain animal motifs of Iranian months, such as rams and scorpions. Of course, these designs are scarce in inscriptions and archaeological findings. But archaeologists believe that it is possible to trace the religion of the Yalda night to seven thousand years ago.
With all this, what became known as Yalda’s Night dates back to around 500 BC. Yalda entered Darius I to the official Iranian calendar. The calendar is based on the calendar of Babylonians and Egyptians.
Reasons for celebrating Yalda’s night
The ancient Iranian beliefs are based on myths and the recognition of cosmic events. There are various narratives about the reason for celebrating Yalda’s night.
First narrative: the triumph of light and light over darkness and darkness
In ancient times, people lived on farming and livestock, and climate effects were very important to them. People with experience and experience understood the constant changes of night and day and season. Everybody is always curious about how an event unfolds, why they are looking for philosophy and why.
They saw the impact of light and darkness; they saw the heat and cold on their lives. From the effects they came to, it was concluded that light, day, and sun are the symbol of the Creator and the Good. In front of it, the night and the cold are signs of evil and evil.
From these observations, they believed that night and day, and light and darkness, were in a constant struggle. The taller days were a sign of the triumph of brightness, and shorter days were the sign of the overcoming of darkness.
As such, they celebrated the last day of the fall, the longest night of the year. Because tomorrow, the days will be lengthened, and the creator will triumph over the darkness of darkness.
Second narration: the birthday of Mehr and Mitra (Sun) and the beginning of creation
The ritual of Mehr or Mithraism was prevalent in Iran before the Zoroastrian religion. This ritual was based on the worship of Mitra (Mehr). Mitra is an Indian and Iranian goddess. On the one hand, he represents love and affection, and on the other hand, he is the mediator of closing down the treaties. He represents the covenant and truthfulness. Mehr is also the referee between the warriors and punishes the liars and the betrayers. The symbol of this goddess is the ring. Some claim that the background of the wedding ring comes to this same myth. The sun is also a symbol of the miter.
Mehrstar knows Yalda’s birthday as the birthday of Mitra (god of Mehr). As a long and cool night, the god of Mehr appears in a cavernous, low-altitude cave and brings the sun.
In another narrative, this night Mithra returns to the world. He will prolong the hours of the day; thus, the superiority of the sun will emerge.
Some studies also conclude that, on the night of Yalda, a prophet is born. This birth occurs in the 51st Parthian Kingdom, which dates back to 196 AD. The Prophet is born at night in the sea; he sends two dolphins out of the water. Water has a special significance in the water seal.
As for the names of December and December, they say:
Azar (element of fire) represents the goddess or angel of the minivium. This god was considered sacred and important in Zoroastrian tradition. The sacred fire in fire temples is the effect of this goddess. On the contrary, when the winter begins, it is considered filthy and devilish. Di is originally the same as the Devil, which is named after the coldest winter months. So Azar is the symbol of Ahuramazda and Di the symbol of Ahriman. The confrontation between fire, light and holiness with darkness and cold and filth.
Some also believe that the name of the Moon has come from the Mithrahi religion and it means God and God. Because DeMitra overtakes Ahriman with the onset of DiMi.
At first glance it seems that the night of the birth of Mehr must be in the month of October; or on the sunny days of the year! It is true that we are at the very beginning of the coldest days of the year; but the logic behind this myth is believable; the longer the days and the shorter of the nights, it shows the rebirth of the sun.
The ritual traditions of solemnity did not disappear after the Zoroastrian religion became widespread; it was also part of their ceremony. Zoroaster, the great god, called Ahura Mazda, dividing the goddess into two categories: Ahura and Divaniyah. One of these goddesses was the seal (Sun). Seal is a good divine and is part of the Avesta in the name of Him (Mehr Yasht). In the Yazd, it says: “Mehr from the sky looks at Iran with thousands of eyes so that he does not tell lies.”
Yalda and Christianity
The various Christian religions celebrate the birth of Christ in one of the days near the Winter Revolution. The New Year, which begins on the 11th of December, is near Yalda’s night. Some historians and archeologists believe that the calendars were slightly modified with the continuation of the solar year, which would later be attributed to Christ. From their point of view, this calendar was created in Rome in the fourth century AD.
You may ask what is miterism related to Roman and Christianity ?! In ancient Rome, the birth of the invincible sun god (Sol Inwettus) was celebrated on the day of the Winter Revolution. This Roman god was a combination of the god of the sun and the mithra of the ritual of sympathy.
Well how did mythism come to Rome? They say, when the Zoroastrianism became the official religion of Iran, the prostitutes in the Asia Minor area were limited. In the first century BC, the Romans captured Asia Minor. This religion was gradually expanded in Rome by war prisoners. Metropolis or Mithraism opened up its place among merchants, troops, and even Roman emperors; to the point where, at the beginning of the fourth century, there were more than three hundred Mithra temples in Italy. At that time, most Romans celebrated Yalda’s night. Finally, the Roman Emperor, Constantine I, issued a decree on the liberation of the religion in Rome in 313 for his interest in Christianity. He changed the Milad of Mitra to the time of Christ. His argument was that Christians are ambiguous at the birth of Jesus, and Jesus is the manifestation of light. So the birthday of the sun should be the same as the birthday of Christ. And set the date of Jesus’ birthday on December 22; that’s the birthday of Mitra. This date was later changed to December 25 due to differences in the calculating calculus. Previously, they knew the birth of Christ on January 6th or 7th. Today, Armenian Christians celebrate this birthday as well.
Swiss celebrity psychologist Karl Jung has comments on mitralism. In his book “The Transformation Symbol,” he explains extensively about the effects of miterism on Christianity. If you are interested in researching more about this, you will find pictures and symbols on this topic in the fifth volume of this collection.
Abu Rishan Biruni, a fourteenth-century Hijri scholar, writes in the works of Jabbakyah about Yalda’s Night:
“And the name of this day is the Great Banner, and its purpose is the Shoah revolution (winter). It is said that on this day, the light goes out to a large extent, and the human beings begin to grow up and the fairies (demons) begin to die and die. “
This celebration, the first day of daima, is also called ninety days, because between it and Nowruz it is just ninety days away. Dejah and it is also called the moon of the moon. The first day is the day of the day, and this day and this month are both in the name of the great god.
According to the evidence of the choice of this present history as the birth of Christ in the following centuries, according to the quote of the Abu Arishan, the meaning of Milad and Yalda is the birth of the sun.
Also, Abu Rhyan externally mentions Massoudi’s book: “The first day of the month is called the Day of the Day or the Day of the Day. The day of the day means the day of the sun; the day of the birth of the sun is invincible. This day is attributed to Ahuramazda, and one of the four days is the celebration of Dojan (also called day and month). “
According to the narration of the Abūrīānānī ārīne, the ancient Sistine calendar began from the beginning of the winter. Interestingly, it’s called the early month of Christ, which is similar to the christ that means English in English.
Mohammad Hussein Khalaf Tabrizi is the author of the proverbial argument. The dictionary was written in 1030 Hijri Shamsi and written Yalda as: “Yalda is the first night of winter and the night of the end of the fall, which is the first and lastest of the arches; it is the longest night of the whole year; and that night or near By that night, the sun delivers to the Capricorn; it is said that the night is endless and unnamed; and some have said that the night of Yalda is eleventh. “
But this tradition was based on Roman documents in ancient Persia where the elders and the clergy went to the gallows, with a new robe and a special ceremony from heaven, to send that great leader to the salvation of men; they believed that the signs of the birth of that savior were a star It will appear on top of a mountain called the Firoozi Mountain, which has a very beautiful tree (cedar or pine tree), and prayed for the great prayer, part of which remained in Bahman Yasht: “That night when my master will appear, A sign of the estate will be a star from the sky, as my leader will come and show his star. “
Nightfall (Yalda) in terms of astrology
From the beginning of the summer, the sun rises day by day slightly closer to the south, every day. Similarly, at dusk from its place, it sets a little closer to the south. This makes the sun more likely to move from the center of the sky to the south every day, and the dawn and sunset occur sooner. The result is shortened by daylight and increased dark time. On Day 1, the sun reaches the southernmost point at the time of rising, 23.5 degrees east. This ground position is called the Winter Revolution. From this day onwards, the direction of the transition from the rising sun is reversed. That is, the dawns and dusks are farther south and closer to the north. Likewise, the days are taller and shorter at night. This event is repeated in a single shot.
What are the customs of Yalda’s night?
The customs of the Yalda Night have not changed much over time.
The old men sat around the seat; before that they were gathered around the fire; now the heaters warmed up the parliament. The fire in the past was a symbol of the sun and a fire was set up for his treatment. Of course, there are some who believe that they would fire the fire to eliminate the evil and darkness. The task of this fire was to destroy and escape the darkness and evil forces.
Yedda’s Nightmare or Storytelling
The parable, which is a kind of poetry and storytelling, was performed in the old days. As the families gathered this evening, the elders for all the story were defined.
Like small stories and stories are unreal. Most of the heroes are animals, fairy-tales and fairy-tales and they are spoken or written for fun and pleasing children.
In every part of the country, stories about their own culture are more prevalent. For example, the Azerbaijani people read the story of Hussein and read the story of the Shabestari, and the Khorasans are more talented than the stories of Shahnameh.
Hafez’s Savior on Yalda’s Night
Usually, at the nights of Yalda, the grandfather is practicing Divan Hafiz. So that the audience is horrific and the great assembly says this sentence or the like: “Hafez Shirazi, you discovered every secrets, I want a falcon, to comment on me …
Then he will open the door. The ghazal on the right is the answer to the tale. If it’s in the middle of the ghazale, the horoscope is called from the beginning of the ghazall, which is on the back page. Three bits of the next ghazale will also be a horoscope. After reading the lyrics, he interprets the horoscope. If the content of the poem is positive, then the horoscope is good and, if you do not, consider it bad. Since the main contents of Hafez’s syllables are mystical, romantic, and promising, horoscope usually morphed.
An integral part of Yalda’s night is Shahnameh. This tradition has long been common in Iran. The attractiveness of Shahnameh writings is multiplied by the narrative. Unfortunately, this plot is being destroyed. You have to be very lucky to have such a person in your family.
One of the most fascinating rituals of the Yalda Night or the night is the table and its eating. Yalda’s nightclub includes special fruits, special nuts and other snacks. On the night of the old days, there were trips called. They put the dried and dried fruits, nuts or so-called Zerurschikh Lerke on the table. Lehrk was one of the main components of the table and was, in fact, the most celebrated event. Other components of this tablecloth can be called aftershave, savor and sew. I will be a tool for a prayer made from a special herbage or rice and silver.
Yalda Night Fruits
Fruits are the main part of Yalda’s table. The main role in this table is the red fruits. The red color of these fruits is a symbol of the sun.
The pomegranate is the main fruit of the Yalda nightclub. The pomegranate’s predecessors were fruits of fertility and blessing. They received this meaning from a large amount of it. Also, pomegranate is a symbol of happiness and sun due to its red color. In fact, eating pomegranates at Yalda’s night was due to the belief in its magic effect. That is, they used to take pomegranates and eat that blessing from its large seeds and increase fertility. Similarly, one of the fruits that the bride’s Yalda sermon puts on pomegranate.
This fruit is known from the very ancient times of holy fruits. Pomegranate has a special place in even the great religions of the world. In myths and myths it is also mentioned. In Zoroastrian religion, the pomegranate is from the trees, and it is a holy and blessed element. The Zoroastrians use their branches and fruits at their religious ceremonies.
Pomegranate is a holy fruit from the viewpoint of the Muslims and has been mentioned in the Holy Quran as heavenly fruits. Eating this fruit is recommended by religious elders.
The watermelon is like a pomegranate fruit jelly. But is it not strange to eat cold water first? We must all know that watermelon is a summer fruit, so watermelon in addition to red peppermint is a symbol of the sun and reminds of the heat of summer and heat.
It was believed that if some watermelons were eaten at night, they would be safe from cold and sickness throughout the large and small chests. Also, the watermelon is like pomegranates and it is a symbol of blessings and abundance.
Other Yalda tableau fruits can be used as varieties of autumn fruits. In the past, along with pomegranates and watermelons, they also put seasonal fruits on the table. Fruits like oranges and citrus fruits, apples, persimmons, pears, and even leathers and pumpkins can be found on Yalda’s table.
Noodles and Noodles Yalda Night
This night is more important than dinner; Yalda’s snacks and nuts are special. In the past, long-term storage of fruits was not convenient; they dried up many fruits for storage and use in other seasons.
Yalda Night Nuts
Brains such as pistachios, walnuts, almonds and hazelnuts are the main components of the Yalda Noodles. Along with these, figs and dried berries are present. From ancient times, chickpea and raisins were among the nuts of the Yalda night. Other than these, wheat and chickpeas were cane, cinnamon, watermelon seeds and pumpkin except Yalda’s nights.
Noodles of Yalda Night have also added snacks. Nowadays Basselq and Pusham are also sweets from this table. It is true that nuts are considered to be the healthiest snacks, but it is a wonder about its high calories and the great variety of foods in the Yalda table.
One of Yalda’s favorite snacks is dried fruits. A convenient replacement for unhealthy snacks and high volumes of industrial sweets. In addition to the possibility of buying nuts and nuts, you can make dried fruit sheets even at home. There are a few simple ways to do this.
- Sun usage is the most common method of drying fruits. Put the fruits in the sun after being crushed for a few days.
- There is also a fruit dryer in the market. It’s easy to work with them and within 24 hours they deliver your dried sheets.
- Drying is done using heat and air, which is carried out at low temperatures and usually in the oven.
- The other method is drying with sugar. In this way, the fruits are soaked or boiled in a sugar soup.
- Frying can also dry fruits. This method is very suitable for drying starchy and low-moisture fruits like bananas.
- If you are in a flat, you can also make a juice tab using the radiator. Shave fruits that can not be eaten. Cut them loop ring. Place them on a foil or tray and place it on the radiator. You can also use the fan. It is best to have the radiator in the dark. If not possible, cover the tray with clean, white cloths to prevent direct light from the sheets. After a day, return the fruit tabs to avoid dripping. After three to four days, your dry fruits are ready to be used.
- Another method for those with limited space. Loop the fruits like the previous one. Spread the white and clean pans on the surface above the ground. Pour the fruits on it. The place should be dark or cover the same way as before. Exercise the same way and return the fruits one day later. This method is more natural and better. Preparing tabs in this way takes 7 to 8 days. So get on with it because it’s gone.
The most charming ritual of the night is Yalda’s nightclub and its eating. Nutrition includes special nuts, dried fruits such as dried berries, figs, peach and apricot leaves, fruits such as watermelon, pomegranate and all kinds of sweets. All of these have symbolic aspects and are signs, blessings, health, abundance and happiness.
Tricks and ideas for decorating the Yalda nightclub
To decorate the Yalda nightclub you can try the following suggestions.
- Yalda’s nightclub if it is widespread on the floor, it has an intimate front and a perfect fit. Your table can be colorful terms. If the furniture occupies the living space, it’s okay. You can make it suitable for the Yalda nightpiece by dropping traditional or velvet covers.
- If you can set up a seat that you have cast and you have returned the originality of the Yalda night. No heating equipment replaces old seats.
- Sam Samor is a reminder of the good days of the past. Saffron tea also has a good color and is exhilarating.Put the tea in a thin wicker mug and serve in old trays, like a copper tray. This will give the traditional color to the Yalda nightclub.
- Do not forget the candle and flush on the table. The smell of candlelight recalls and candlelight gives a spiritual touch to the tablecloth.
- The sweets are beautifully colored and colorful. You can also color the tablecloth with an Iranian pottery and craft. Another choice is picking fruits in a mat set that fits well with fruits. Choosing different shapes or different shapes will give your table a different look. It is your taste that is decisive.
- If you are going to have a brief ceremony, place the Yalda tableware in small containers and put them in a large assembly.
- Certainly part of the Yalda Night Celebration is for kids. For kids, it does not fit all the bulky stuff in the table.So, give them at least a cup of sweets that is both handy and attractive. It’s not hard, you can get colorful jellies and even jellyfish.
- The watermelon skin has a great appeal to your taste. With special tastes, you can put your fruits in the water-filled skin of watermelon.
- Decorate the fruits with engraving art. Engraving on fruits with a fairly tighter skin is easier. Certainly you have seen the engraving on watermelon. Take a sharp knife, work a bit of artistic and creative creativity; the result will definitely be glamorous.
- You are far from the city and you are not familiar with: for example, a student? It does not hurt to pick a few pomegranates and take some autumn leaves out of the courtyard. Pour the leaves onto the table and put pomegranates on it. Completely minimalist, simple and beautiful. It’s important to be together, thank God, in terms of the number of fractions.
- Most importantly; Simplify; do not overestimate the intimacy of Yalda’s nightly preparations.